movie review

Movie Review: Heneral Luna

This historical film takes us back to the setting of Philippine-American way back in 1898 where General Antonio Luna (John Arcilla) , a commander of the revolutionary army , leads an uprising against the American colony years after the Spanish reign, wanting peace and freedom for Philippines – our Motherland.  However, much to his dismay, some of his cabinet or elite members would want to make a deal with the United States.

General Antonio Luna’s decisions are somehow opposed or met with resistance by some soldiers who only want to follow Emilio Aguinaldo and are loyal to him. Due to his arrogance and short tempered nature, General Antonio Luna makes a number of enemies, not only with the Americans but also with his countrymen and cabinet members particularly Gen. Tomas Mascardo (Lorenz Martinez), Felipe Buencamino (Nonie Buencamino) Pedro Paterno (Leo Martinez) and Capt. Janolino (Ketchup Eusebio) , leading him to his untimely death as well where he was assassinated by a pack of presidential guards.

I could correlate the lines of General Antonio Luna with that of Enjolras, a fictional character from Les Miserables. Some of his quotes like “Freedom cannot be won by protecting their loved ones. They have to pay the price.” and “Do we not have the same right to Liberty?” can be associated with “Have you asked of yourselves what’s the price you might pay?” and “Will you stand up and take your chance?”

The central theme lies on freedom and peace through means of Revolution. This time it was against the American colony. Others fell during the battle while some rose up to take the place of the fallen general. After watching this movie, I could say that the actor John Arcilla as well as the rest of the cast portrayed the role very well.  This is another historical film worth watching as it serves as an eye opener to every Filipino citizen to what’s going on right now, especially with the government.


What Makes One A Revolutionary Leader?

Think you’ve got what it takes to be called a “revolutionary” leader? Are you one of those seeking for a better change in the government?  Are you sick and tired as well of the corrupt practices of some government officials? Then it’s time to join in the fight that will give you the right to enjoy freedom.

Before getting into the qualities of a revolutionary leader, let’s start first with the definition of ‘revolution’ itself. In political terms, revolution is defined as overthrowing or bringing down of a government, especially that of a corrupt one and replacing it with a better government. Some revolution may lead to a bloody fight but it doesn’t always have to be that way. Some few examples of Revolution to cite here would be the French Revolution/revolution francaise (1789-1799) , Philippine Revolution against Spain(pre-1800s)  and The June Rebellion (1832).

Revolution is not just all about building barricades and fighting to death, it’s also about making a change (not just in the government but also in ourselves). What’s the use of wanting to see the change in the government when we ourselves won’t make a change? What’s the use of fighting for freedom and wanting to end corruption when we ourselves are corrupt as well? Would there be a world beyond the barricade that we long to see? Would there be a brand new life that’s about to start when tomorrow comes? The answer? There will be..

To become an effective revolutionary leader, one must have these qualities/characteristics:

1) A sincere belief in what you are doing or what you can do – This is the first and foremost quality that a person must have in order for him/her to become an effective revolutionary leader. How can one effectively lead a revolution when he or she has doubts in his/her ability?

2) An oratory ability – Becoming an effective revolutionary leader involves a good oratory skill or ability to carry out his/her speech. A soft-spoken type of person would find it hard to convince his/her fellow men. One who lacks the confidence to speak in public would find it impossible to lead a successful revolution. But take note, it’s not always the case that a revolutionary leader would be the only one who gets to speak out his mind.. the opinions of the other citizens matter as well.

3) Careful and thorough planning skills  – Another important quality of an effective revolutionary leader. Everything must be carefully and thoroughly planned – from gathering of weapons/ammunitions, communication with his fellow people, and execution of plan.

A good example of a revolutionary leader would be Andres Bonifacio. He was called as the “Father of Philippine Revolution” and was also a founder/supreme leader of an organization called K.K.K. (stands for Kataas-taasan, Kagalang-galangang Katipunan ng mga Anak Ng Bayan). He formed this organization to seek independence of the country against the oppression of the Spanish government. This revolutionary leader educated himself by reading some books about the French Revolution, some biographies, books about penal and civil codes of Philippines and even novels such as Victor Hugo’s Les MIserables and that of our national hero’s works (Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo).

Anyone, yes… even you can be a revolutionary leader.