What Mitral Valve Stenosis Is
Mitral Valve Stenosis is a type of heart condition in which the mitral valve does not open wide, in contrast to that of a mitral valve prolapse. With mitral valve stenosis, the valve becomes stiff or scarred, or rather, the flaps are partially joined together.
When a mitral valve fails to open properly, blood flowing through the left ventricle is being blocked. A patient with this kind of condition may feel tired and experience shortness of breath.
What Causes Mitral Valve Stenosis
A possible cause of mitral valve stenosis is an infection called rheumatic fever which may scar the mitral valve. Other possible causes of this condition are congenital heart defect, endocarditis, hardening of the valve or other parts due to aging or severe kidney disease and even conditions causing the scarring of valve such as lupus or rheumatoid arthritis.
What Are The Symptoms of Mitral Valve Stenosis?
Though this type of condition is a lifelong disease, some symptoms won’t seem to show or usually take 10 to 20 years to develop. Early symptoms of mitral valve stenosis are often mild, however, in the later stages, this type of heart condition may damage the left atrium when left untreated, making the symptoms even worse.
Some symptoms that a patient with mitral valve stenosis may experience fatigue or weakness, palpitations, shortness of breath, and an irregular heart rhythm, as well as skin discoloration, trouble swallowing, chest pain and even hoarseness or vocal cord paralysis.