fun

“Talented Filipino” Experience

Last night was quite a tiring yet enjoyable trip and it was my first time to be inside the TV5 studio where the show Talentadong Pinoy is being aired (7 pm). Talentadong Pinoy is a talent show wherein each contestants showcase their unique talents, with Mr. Robin Padilla, his wife Mariel Rodriguez , and Ms. Tuesday Vargas as the current hosts.

Along with this, the talent scouts of last night’s episode composed of Ms. Pops Fernandez, BB Gandanghari , and Ms. Rufa Mae Quinto to judge each contestant’s performance, having the power to press the buzzer whenever they don’t like the performance. So far, each contestant performed well throughout the show. Even the audience were given a chance to perform or show their talent at the beginning of the show and one representative from each school (AATA, Access, etc.) were picked out or asked.
Talents shown by the contestants were use of magic tricks, playing instruments (self-made out of bamboo material), crossing a wire (hamper was used in the show) while peeling a large coconut or buko, and dancing. Throughout this, I learned the 3 T’s (teamwork, talent and timing).

Teamwork
In every competition, unity and cooperation within a team is a must. As they say, win together, lose together.. but I believe that winning or losing is not really all that matters , but rather how the members work in harmony with each other. Everyone is born a winner but in a different way. Aside from teamwork is the sportsmanship wherein the team graciously accepts defeat and congratulate the team that had won.

Talent
Everyone is born with a God-given talent and it’s up to us how we’re going to use it. Everybody is special and unique in their own way, especially in showing their talent. I believe that we should not waste whatever talent God has given us, but we also should remember to use it wisely.

Timing
Timing is also important in executing a performance. Just one wrong step in executing a stunt may possibly cause a person serious injury or accident and it’s one thing we want to avoid.

Photos:

A. Before the show

B. During the Show

C. After the Show

*Even though the show may have ended up a bit late, I still had fun and was glad that I had this opportunity of joining some exposure trips like this, considering that I learned something from watching the show. The trip going to the studio and being an audience in the show was totally worth it. Looking forward to more exposures like this one. Not to mention getting the chance in having our pictures taken with TV personalities like Mr. Robin Padilla and BB Gandanghari.

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health matters

Health Talk: Depression

Everybody goes through a tough situation and had his or her bouts of breaking down at a certain moment. But how would a certain person know if he or she already has depression? Is there a cure for it?

What Depression Is

Depression is a certain type of serious medical illness that affects the brain, it’s not just a mere feeling of being “down”. It is a mood disorder that causes a person to have a feeling of sadness and loss of interest in his or her daily activities or the things he/she used to enjoy.

According to one of the research or studies, depression has several forms such as major depression (interferes with a person’s ability to work, sleep, study, eat and even enjoy life) , persistent depressive disorder ( a type of mood disorder that lasts at least 2 years) , psychotic depression ( a type of disorder that causes a person having this illness to have false beliefs /delusions or even hallucinations during an episode or attack) , postpartum depression, seasonal affective disorder/SAD, and bipolar disorder.

Major Depression

Persistent Depressive Disorder

Psychotic Depression

Postpartum Depression

Seasonal Affective Disorder

Bipolar Disorder

What causes depression?

So what actually causes depression? Some say that the cause(s) is or are unknown. There are probable causes for a person to feel depressed and “blue”. They may be biological differences wherein a person experiences some change in his or her brain, brain chemistry, hormonal or chemical imbalance in the changes in a person’s hormones may trigger the problem (mostly from thyroid problems), inherited traits wherein genes do play a role as well and even life events like death of a loved one or other possible situations.

What are the symptoms of depression?

Feeling worthless…? Thinking negatively and losing interest in doing your daily activities? Are you experiencing any of these symptoms? Then you might or probably be having depression. Most common symptoms of depression are sadness, loss of interest in any activities, change in weight, insomnia or hypersomnia, loss of energy, feeling of worthlessness, suicidal thoughts or attempts, irritability, appetite changes, anxiety, slowed thinking and unexplained physical problems.

Who are at risk of depression?

Everyone of us has had our bouts of fair share  of depression. The teenagers are more commonly exposed to this type of condition or disorder , either in their 20s or 30s, most especially women. Aside from this, the people who are prone to have depression are those who or whose depression started when they were still teens, have a history of anxiety disorder/borderline personality disorder/post-traumatic stress disorder, show certain personality traits (e.g. low self-esteem, self-critical and pessimistic), have take serious or chronic illness, take certain medications, went through traumatic events, and even have blood relative with history of depression, alcoholism or suicide.

What are the possible complications of depression?

Depression is a serious medical illness or disorder that should not be neglected. People with this disorder should seek immediate medical attention and treatment. When left untreated, possible complications may occur and these are: obesity, alcohol or substance abuse, anxiety/panic disorder/social phobia, family conflicts/work or school problems, isolation from social life, suicidal thoughts/feelings/attempts, self-mutilation,  and even premature death.

Are there any treatments or medications/cure?

Your doctor may prescribe an anti-depressant like some selected serotonin re-uptake inhibitors, serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors, norepinephrine and dopamine reuptake inhibitors, atypical anti-depressants, typical anti-depressants, monoamine oxidase inhibitors and others.

These medications both may have benefits and drawbacks as some of them pose possible harmful side effects to a patient suffering from depression. Other ways to treat depression or counter it are positive thinking or looking at the brighter side of life or even opening up to a trusted adult/friend about a problem.

Self-mutilation/cutting and other suicidal attempts are not good solutions!! Instead of throwing away your precious life just because of this condition, better start opening up to someone you trust the most (it could either be a friend or a parent), have positive thinking about yourself…. 

Know someone who has or is suffering from  depression? It’s never too late to reach out to them and discuss about it. You could even save a life!

health matters

Health Talk: Asthma

What Asthma Is

Asthma (pronounced as az-ma) is a type of chronic lung disease wherein the lungs’ airways get inflamed and narrowed, causing a wheezing sound whenever a person breathes, as well as producing extra mucus. This type of lung condition could also cause difficulty in breathing and incessant coughing. Asthma is also known as bronchial asthma or reactive airway disease.

What are the Classifications of Asthma?

Asthma is classified into four types or categories :

1) Mild intermittent asthma  – a type of asthma whose symptoms lasts up to two days a week and up to two nights a month.

2) Mild persistent asthma – its symptoms last more than twice a week but no more than once in a single day.

3) Moderate persistent asthma – its symptoms last once a day and more than one night a week

4) Severe persistent asthma – its symptoms last throughout a day on most days and frequently at night

 

What Causes Asthma?

There are some factors that could cause an asthma to occur. It may either be hereditary or an inherited tendency to develop allergies or atopy and respiratory infections. There are other possible factors that may trigger an asthma attack like airborne allergens (e.g. pollen, animal dander, mold, cockroaches and dust mites), physical activity or exercise-induced asthma, cold air, certain medications (e.g. beta blockers, aspirin, ibuprofen and naproxen) , strong emotions/stress, sulfites and preservatives added to foods and drinks , GERD or gastroesophageal reflux disease and even irritants like cigarette smoke, air pollution, chemicals or dust in workplace, compounds in home décor and sprays.

What Are The Symptoms Of Asthma?

The most common signs and symptoms of asthma may include coughing which may either be at night time or early in the morning, wheezing or squeaking sounds, chest tightness and shortness of breath. When left untreated, the asthma attack may worsen wherein a person would possibly experience frequent and bothersome asthma symptoms, increase in difficulty of breathing, and the need of using a quick inhaler most often. Believe it or not, an asthma attack may often occur in certain situations like an exercise-induced asthma, occupational asthma or even allergy-induced asthma.

Who Is At Risk Of Having An Asthma?

According to one of the research , studies in United States show that more than 25 million are known to have this type of lung condition. Even  children, especially those with respiratory infections and often wheeze, are at high risk of developing an asthma.

Other than this, there also possible risk factors for having an asthma such as:

  • Having a blood relative (either parent or sibling) who has asthma
  • Having an allergic condition such as atopic dermatitis or allergic rhinitis (hay fever)
  • Being overweight
  • Smoking habitually
  • Getting exposed to secondhand smoke
  • Having a mother who smoked during pregnancy
  • Getting exposed to exhaust fumes or other pollution
  • Getting exposed to occupational triggers (e.g. chemicals used in farming, hairdressing and manufacturing)
  • Getting exposed to allergens or certain germs and parasites
  • Having bacterial or virus infections

How Is  Asthma Diagnosed?

Just like any other condition, a patient may be diagnosed with an asthma based on his or her medical and family history, physical examination and test results. A doctor may even recommend seeking an asthma specialist if there is a need to undergo some tests in diagnosing an asthma, a patient has had a life-threatening asthma attack, there’s an overall problem in controlling the asthma, etc.

When it comes to medical and family histories, a doctor or physician would usually ask about family history of asthma and allergies, or even the symptoms (if there are any), and when or how often they occur. He or she may also ask regarding other health conditions (e.g. runny nose, sinus infections, reflux disease, psychological stress, and sleep apnea)  that may interfere in managing an asthma attack

During the physical examination, a patient’s breathing will be examined in looking for signs of asthma (e.g. wheezing sounds, runny nose/swollen nasal passages, and allergic skin conditions like eczema). However, a patient is still likely to or can have this condition, whether or not the signs would show when the doctor examines him or her.

There are also diagnostic tests done or performed to check some signs or symptoms of an asthma:

1) Spirometry (pronounced as spi-ROM-eh-tre) test
  Spirometry is one of the tests performed. This is to check how a patient’s lungs are functioning or working, measuring the capacity or volume of air that he or she can breathe in and out, as well as the speed of blowing it. A patient may be given a medicine and repeat the same test to see if there are any improvements shown in the result.

2) Peak flow

 Another type of test done in measuring how hard a patient can breathe air out with the use of a peak flow meter.

3) Bronchoprovocation test

  This test is the same as the spirometry test wherein it repeatedly measures a patient’s lung function during a physical activity or after having received some doses of cold air or chemical.

4) Methacholine challenge

 A type of test used by having a patient inhale methacholine. A patient is likely to have asthma if he or she reacts to the methacholine. This is done even though the lung function of a patient is normal.

5) Nitric oxide test

 This type of test measures the amount of gas (nitric oxide) a patient has in his or her breath and this shows whether a patient’s nitric oxide levels are higher than normal, through his or her airways.

6) Chest x-ray or EKG (electrocardiogram)
 
A type of test that will help in finding out if there are any foreign objects in a patient’s airways or other condition that triggers the symptoms.

What Are The Possible Complications Of Asthma?

Asthma may possibly worsen and develop complications when untreated. Possible complications may involve:

1) Symptoms interfering with sleep, work or recreational activities

2) Absences from work or school during asthma attacks

3) Permanent narrowing of bronchial tubes which may affect breathing

4) Frequent visits to emergency rooms and hospitalizations due to severe asthma attacks

5) Side effects from long term use of some medications in stabilizing or controlling severe asthma

When To Seek A Doctor/What to Do

Preparing for an appointment with the doctor is the best thing to do by having a patient write down any symptoms he or she is experiencing (no matter how irrelevant some of them are) , note how often the symptoms occur, key personal information, list of medications, and some questions to ask the doctor (during the physical examination or appointment).

Possible questions to ask the doctor are:

  • Is asthma likely the cause of my breathing problems?
  • Other than this, what are the possible causes for my symptoms?
  • Do I need to undergo any kind of test?
  • Is my condition likely temporary or chronic?
  • What’s the best treatment?
  • Are there any alternative approaches?
  • Are there any restrictions for me to follow?
  • Should I seek a specialist?

And so on..

Aside from the patient, the doctor may also be asking these questions:

  • What exactly are your symptoms?
  • When did you first experience these symptoms?
  • How severe are these symptoms?
  • Do you have breathing problems most of the time or only during certain occasions?
  • Do you have any allergies ?( etc.)

Medications and Treatments/Is there any cure?

 A. Medications and Treatments

A doctor’s prescription of medicine depends on the patient’s age, symptoms, asthma triggers, and what would work best to help control the asthma. Some medications or drugs that may possibly be prescribed by the doctor are either long term asthma control medications , quick-relief medications or allergy medications.

1) Long term control medications – these are medications that are taken daily , which help in keeping asthma attacks under control on a day-to-day basis. Examples of long term control medications include inhaled corticosteroids (e.g. fluticasone/Flovent HFA, budesonide/Pulmicort Flexhaler, flusinolide/Aerobid, ciclesonide/Alvesco, beclomethasone/Qvar and mometasone/Asmanex), Leukotriene modifiers (montelukast/Singulair, zafirlukast/Accolate, and zieluton/Zyflo), Long acting beta agonists (e.g. salmeterol/Serevent and formoterol/Foradil or Performorist), combination inhalers (e.g. fluticasone-salmeterol/Advair Diskus, budesonide-formoterol/Symbicort and mometasone-formoterol/Dulera) and Theophylline (e.g. Theo-24, Elixophilin, etc.)

2) Quick-relief medications – these are only used for rapid, short-term symptom relief during an asthma attack or even before exercise. Examples of these include short acting beta agonists (e.g. albuterol/ProAir HFA, Ventolin HFA and others; levalbuterol/Xopenex and pirbuterol/Maxair), Ipratropium (Atrovent) and oral/intravenous cortiscosteroids (e.g. prednisone and methyl/prednisolone).

3) Allergy medications – these medications may help if a patient’s asthma attack is being triggered or worsened by allergies. Types of allergy medications include allergy shots (immunotherapy)  , Omalizumab (Xolair) , etc.

B. Is there any cure?

Sadly, there is no cure for asthma as it is a long term disease.

health matters

Health Talk: Mitral Valve Prolapse

What Mitral Valve Prolapse Is

Mitral (pronounced as my-trul) Valve Prolapse, or rather known as MVP, is a type of heart condition that occurs when the left upper chamber and left lower chamber of a patient’s heart doesn’t close properly or even its leaflets bulge back to the left atrium whenever the heart contracts. In another research, mitral valve prolapse is known to be the most common heart valve abnormality  which can be associated with fatigue or palpitations and is more prevalent in women than in men. Another term for this kind of condition is called as “click murmur syndrome” and “Barlow’s syndrome”.

This heart disease or condition sometimes prevents the backflow of blood from the left ventricle going to the left atrium, causing mitral valve regurgitation.

How is Mitral Valve Prolapse diagnosed?

Mitral valve prolapse can be diagnosed or detected by a doctor during a physical examination by listening to a patient’s heart through the use of a stethoscope. There are other possible ways of detecting or diagnosing a mitral valve prolapse:

1) Echocardiogram

     Echocardiogram is a 2D ultrasound type of test that uses high frequency sound waves to create images of the heart and its structures, including the mitral valve and the blood flow. A type of echocardiogram that may be used is the transesophageal echocardiogram in which a flexible tube is inserted or attached with a small device into the throat and down to the esophagus. This transesophageal cardiogram can create a clearer, detailed ultrasound images of a patient’s heart and the mitral valve.

2) Chest X-ray

 This type of test shows a picture of one’s heart, lungs , and blood vessels which helps the doctor make a diagnosis as well as show a patient if his or her heart is enlarged.

3) Electrocardiogram (ECG)

  A non-invasive type of test in which the probes are attached on a patient’s chest , recording the electrical impulses of that patient’s heart. The electrical signals recorded by the ECG helps the doctor detect or determine if there are any irregularities found in the patient’s heart rhythm and structure.

4) Stress test

  This type of test may be recommended by a doctor to check if there are any other conditions or if the mitral regurgitation limits a patient’s ability to exercise. In this kind of test, a patient exercises or takes some certain medication to increase his or her heart rate , making the heart to work harder.

5) Coronary andiogram and cardiac catheterization

   During this kind of test, a long , thin and flexible plastic tube or what we call catheter, is inserted into a patient’s groin , guiding it to the heart area through use of X-ray imaging, followed by dye injection into the blood vessel which makes them visible under the X-ray imaging or known as coronary andiogram.

What Causes Mitral Valve Prolapse?

Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) most often occurs when the blood flow from the left ventricle going to the left atrium is being prevented or obstructed whenever it contracts or squeezes. This type of disesase might also be hereditary or run on through families, or there may be unknown causes as well.

What are the symptoms of MVP?

Mitral valve prolapse may be associated with these symptoms:

1) Racing or irregular heartbeats (arrhythmia)
   

2) Dizzy spells or light headedness
 

3) Shortness of breath, even when lying flat or doing a physical activity

4) Fatigue

5) Chest pain (not caused by heart attack or CAD)

6) Palpitations

7) Fainting or syncope

8) Panic and anxiety

9) Numb sensation or tingling in hands and feet

What are the possible complications caused by MVP?

There are or maybe some possible complications caused by a mitral valve prolapse. These complications may include:

1) Mitral valve regurgitation

    The most common complication wherein the valve regurgitates or leaks the blood back to the left atrium. Male beings having an increase of blood pressure are most likely at risk of this condition.

2) Heart rhythm problems/arrhythmias

  Arrhythmias are most likely to occur or happen to people experiencing mitral valve prolapse. This occurs in the upper chambers of the heart, although this may be bothersome for patients, they are not considered as life-threatening.

However, patients with severe mitral regurgitation or deformity are at risk of having serious heart rhythm problems, affecting the blood flow of the heart

3) Endocarditis

A type of complication in which the heart valve is infected, affecting its inner lining. This is caused by an abnormal mitral valve from bacteria, further increasing the risk of mitral valve damage. Patients of this type of complication are usually older men.

When is it best to seek a doctor?

Suspecting you may or might be having a mitral valve prolapse? It’s best to seek a doctor and make an appointment. But there are some things needed to do before making an appointment with your doctor like writing down the symptoms you are experiencing (even though it’s irrelevant to mitral valve prolapse), writing down key personal information (e.g. family history of heart disease, heart defects, genetic disorders, etc.) , making a list of medications you’re taking, preparing to discuss your diet/exercise habits, or even writing down some questions that you may ask your doctor during the said appointment.

Some basic questions (related to mitral valve prolapse) that you may ask your doctor are:

  • What causes my symptoms or condition?
  • What are the other possible causes of these symptoms or condition?
  • What tests do I need to take?
  • What kinds of treatment do I need?
  • Are there any alternatives to the primary approaches suggested?
  • What restrictions do I need to follow?
  • Is there any specialist I should seek?

And so on..

 You might also be expecting your doctor to ask you these questions:

  • When was the first time you experienced the symptoms?
  • Have they been continuous or occasional?
  • How severe are these symptoms?
  • What seems to improve your symptoms?
  • What seems to worsen your symptoms?

Treatments and Medications

Not all patients with mitral valve prolapse are required to undergo treatments. Some may only be required to return to the doctor for a follow up examination or checkups but it only depends on the severity of their condition. A doctor may also prescribe some medications to take for the condition.

A. Medication

1) Beta- blockers
    This medication may help prevent irregular heartbeats by making a patient’s heart beat more slowly, reducing the blood pressure, allowing the blood vessels to relax and open up, improving the flow of blood.

2) Diuretics
 This medication is prescribed by a doctor as it reduces or drains fluid from the lungs. It’s also known as “water pill” .

3) Heart rhythm medications
 Medications prescribed by the doctor for heart rhythm control include flecainide (Tambocor), procainamide (Procanbid), sotalol (Betapace), or amiodarone (Cordarone, Pacerone).

B. Treatment

A doctor may require or recommend a surgical treatment for those with severe mitral valve regurgitation.

1) Valve repair – a preferred surgical treatment that helps preserve a patient’s own valve and corrects the condition.

2) Valve replacement – a type of surgical treatment that is performed by replacing a damaged mitral valve with an artificial or prosthetic valve.

health matters, heart

Health Talk: Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

What Hypertrophic Cardiomypathy Is

Hypertrophic Cardiomypathy, or otherwise known as HCM, is a kind of heart condition or disease in which the heart muscle or myocardium is abnormally thickened, making it hard for the muscle to pump enough blood. Aside from this, the thickening of the heart muscle also causes shortness of breath and problems in the heart’s electrical system and results in deadly abnormal heart rhythms or what we call arrhythmias.

In  HCM, the muscle that surrounds the left ventricle becomes affected, as well as the right ventricle some of the times, depending on the degree of thickening that varies in different places. When left untreated, this may lead to several problems like the stiffening of the affected heart muscle which may cause the left ventricle to have difficulty in filling or supplying blood normally to the heart. Other than this, the thickening of the heart may also obstruct or stop the blood flow from the left ventricle to the aorta and it may also affect the heart valves’ function as well as the electrical conducting system, causing abnormal heart rates to develop.

HCM is a type of heart disorder that is inherited and it tends to affect men more than it does to women.

How is HCM diagnosed?

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy may be diagnosed or suspected by the symptoms that  person may be having, family history, changes in the ECG (electrocardiogram) , changes in the chest x-ray, and ultrasound scanning of heart or what we call echocardiogram.

How is it different or similar from/with the other types of cardiomyopathy?

Aside from HCM, there are three other types of cardiomyopathy:

1) Dilated cardiomyopathy: a type of heart disorder wherein the heart becomes enlarged

2) Restrictive cardiomyopathy : a type of heart disorder wherein the heart cannot relax properly between heartbeats

3) Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy: this is a rare type of heart disorder wherein only the right
side of the heart is being affected

Who are most likely  or at risk to have HCM?

According to a research , hypertrophic cardiomyopathy or HCM affects about one in 500 million people and although it may be possible for children to have this condition at birth, it is mostly common to develop in adults.

What Are The Causes of Hypertrophic Cardiomypathy?

One of the possible causes of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is the increase of blood pressure. Aside from this, it is passed on through different families or inherited, caused by abnormal genes or simply the cause may also be unknown to people having this heart disorder.

What Are The Symptoms of Hypertrophic Cardiomypathy?

There are common symptoms of HCM:

1) Shortness of breath – people with HCM may experience this during their exercise, especially with a mild condition

2) Chest pain or angina – Aside from the shortness of breath, they can also experience this either only during
their exercise or even at rest if it becomes severe wherein the pain occurs due to insufficient blood and oxygen
supply required by the needs of the heart’s thickened muscle.

3) Palpitations – People with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy may also develop or experience heart abnormalities,
causing them to experience palpitations.

4) Dizziness and fainting attacks – This type of symptom is more likely common to occur during exercise but may
also happen when a person is at rest due to the blood’s output or from heart arrhythmias.

What Are The Possible Complications of HCM?

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, when left untreated, may cause several complications. Some of the complications may include:

1) Arrhythmias – an abnormal heart rate or heartbeat rhythm.

2) Endocarditis – a type of complication wherein the inside lining of the heart chambers and heart valves become
infected, which can cause serious illness when neglected or not promptly treated.

3) Death – A small number of people with HCM is at possible risk of sudden collapse and death when their condition
remains untreated and this may be probably due to sudden development of severe arrhythmia.

How can HCM be treated? Is there any possible cure?

There’s no possible treatment that can reverse some changes in the heart muscle. However, it may help ease or alleviate symptoms or even prevent complications that may arise.

1) Medication  – relaxes the heart muscle and slows the heartbeat rate in order for the heart to pump  more
efficiently. Some medications recommended are beta-blockers (e.g. Atenolol), calcium channel blockers (e.g.
Verapamil or Diltiazem) or even sodium blocker Dsopyramide (Norpace).

2) Septal Myectomy – it is an open-heart procedure wherein the thickened, overgrown septum between the ventricles
are removed in order to improve the blood flow and reduce mitral regurgitation. This type of procedure is only
recommended when the medications taken don’t seem to help in relieving or alleviating the symptoms.

3) Septal Ablation – a type of surgical operation wherein a small part or portion of the thickened heart muscle is
destroyed by simply injecting an alcohol through a catheter into an artery supplying blood. This might cause
complications like heart block.

4) Implantable cardioverter- defibrillator/ICD – a device that’s quite similar to a pacemaker used to continuously
monitor a patient’s heartbeat and delivers a  precisely calibrated electrical shocks in order to restore a
normal heart rhythm just in case a life-threatening arrhythmia occurs.

health matters

Health Talk: Congenital Hypothyroidism

Definition

Congenital hypothyroidism, or otherwise known as CH, is a type of acquired illness or medical condition in which one’s thyroid fails to produce enough hormones needed. The thyroid gland is responsible for producing iodine-containing hormones that helps in one’s growth regulation, brain development and metabolism. According to a research, about 1 in 3,000 to 4,000 newborns in North America, Europe, Japan and Australia are being affected by this condition and women are mostly twice affected than males. Congenital hypothyroidism also goes by other names like cretinism and neonatal hypothyroidism.

Causes

There are many factors or underlying causes of congenital hypothyroidism – one of them is that there may be a missing or misplaced thyroid gland. It may also be hereditary, maternal iodine deficiency, or maternal thyroid conditions and medications wherein some drugs or medicine taken by a mother given during her pregnancy is used to treat her thyroid problems.

Symptoms/Signs

People with CH may or may not have some of these during their birth:

A. Symptoms

  • Feeding Difficulties
  • Somnolence – state of feeling drowsy
  • Lethargy – lack of enthusiasm and energy
  • Foggy Mind – difficulty of concentrating and tendency to be forgetful
  • Depression – a state of low mood or aversion to activity that may affect a person’s thoughts, behavior, feelings or sense of well-being.
  • Dry skin, hair and nails – Congenital hypothyroidism can also affect a person’s appearance wherein his or her skin becomes dry and pale, hair gets dry and brittle as well as the nails.
  • Sluggish gastro-intestinal tract
  • Swollen thyroid gland – people with congenital hypothyroidism may have the tendency to suffer from goiter. This may be determined by checking the neck or even be manifested by a hoarse voice. Some may even experience coughing, difficulty in breathing and trouble swallowing.
  • Impaired Heart Function – Congenital hypothyroidism may also affect the heart of a person, causing his or her pulse to become slow and decreasing the heart rate, or worse cause the heart to become weak. Some people with hypothyroidism may also experience having an increase in their blood pressure.

    B. Signs 

  • Large fontanelles (anatomical feature of an infant human skull)
  • Myxoedema
  • Nasal obstruction
  • Macroglossia (large tongue)
  • Hoarse voice
  • Cardiomegaly – an enlarged heart; a condition that causes the heart to become enlarged as a result of a heart disease
  • Bradycardia – a condition or state wherein a heart beats slowly and less than 60 times a minute. It can be a serious problem when the heart fails to pump oxygen-rich blood.
  • Pericardial effusion (asymptomatic) – the presence of an abnormal fluid in the heart.
  • Refractory Anemia – any of various anemic conditions that is only treated successfully by means of blood transfusion.
movies

Movie Review: She’s Dating The Gangster

She’s Dating The Gangster is based on a wattpad story about a 17 year old girl named Athena Dizon (Kathryn Bernardo) who has to go with the deal of pretending to be in a relationship with one of the gangster Kenji Delos Reyes (Daniel Padilla) just to get his ex-girlfriend feel jealous and win her back again. Throughout their pretend relationship, Athena suddenly finds herself falling in love with Kenji and wants to back out of the deal. In the end, despite her serious health condition, Athena learns to fight for love, knowing or believing that it will let her live longer.

Watching this movie made me realize that love isn’t all about finding the right or perfect person but rather seeing an imperfect person perfectly. Love knows no bounds. Loving a person is seeing how God intends him or her to be. Love is accepting a person for who he or she is, not trying to change him or her. This movie is a must-watch for everyone, not just for teenagers but also for the whole family.

Quoting from the Bible, I Cor. 14:4-7, it states the qualities of love:

1) Love is patient and kind (v.4) – Love is all about being patient. No matter how long it takes, a person who loves perseveres and waits patiently for the right time to come. It is kind. It never seeks to harm other people. It does not envy, does not boast, nor is it proud – a person who loves knows how to be contented with what he or she has, but keeps himself or herself humble.

2) Love does not dishonor others, nor is it self-seeking (v.5 ) Love never finds a way to cause others shame or disgrace nor does it seek pleasure for itself. A person who loves respects other people’s feelings and seeks that other people are happy. It is not easily angered nor does it keep record of wrongs – a person who loves never loses his or her temper easily and learns to forgive and forget others for their wrongdoings, no matter how big his or her transgressions are.

3) Love does not delight in evil but rejoices with the truth. (v.6) – Love does not seek out to enjoy seeing people do wrong things or sin, nor does it lie. A person who loves would do the right thing and be honest all the time with the people they love, no matter how the truth hurts.

4) Love always protects, always trusts, always hopes, always perseveres. (v.7) A person who loves would always protect other people. Love never doubts. It always hopes for the best and perseveres no matter how hard it is. A person who loves is one who never gives up easily.

Love is not about trying to change the person’s behavior or attitude. A person who loves would accept his or her significant other, despite his or her imperfections. A person who truly loves would love another person whole-heartedly and unconditionally.